Glyoxal-40% MSDS 2015

Chemical Product & Company Identification :

Chemical Product Company Identification
MSDS Name: Glyoxal-40% Amzole India Pvt. Ltd.
CAS Number: 107-22-2 41, Udhyog Vihar
Synonymous: Glyoxal Sukher, Udaipur 313004

Composition & Information on Ingredients

Molecular Formula CHO.CHO
Molecular Weight 58.04
Chemical Family Aldehyde
Content (W/W) Glyoxal - 40%
Water - 60%

Hazards Identification Emergency Overview

Potential Health Hazards
Ingestion Corrosive and harmful if swallowed. May cause kidney and liver damage.
Eyes Eye damage is possible.
Inhalation Avoid inhalation of dust. Causes irritation to respiratory tract on inhalation.
Skin Causes irritation to skin on contact.
Potential Environmental Effects
When introduced in appropriate concentrations in treatment plants, the degradation activity of the sludge is expected to be inhibited.

First Aid Measures

Remove the affected individual into fresh air and keep the person calm. Assist in breathing if necessary. Immediate medical attention is required.

Wash affected areas thoroughly with soap and water. Remove contaminated clothing. Wash soiled clothing immediately. Immediate medical attention is required.

Incase of contact with eyes, rinse immediately for at least 15 minutes with plenty of water. Immediate medical attention is required.

Rinse mouth and then drink plenty of water. Do not induce vomiting. Never induce vomiting or give anything by mouth if the victim is unconscious or having convulsions. Immediate medical attention is required.

Fire Fighting Measures

Not considered to be a fire hazard.

Not considered to be an explosion hazard. Dry Glyoxal may explode when mixed with air.

Fire Extinguishing Media:
Use any means suitable for extinguishing surrounding fire.

Special Information:
In the event of a fire, wear full protective clothing and NIOSH approved self contained breathing apparatus with full face piece operated in the pressure demand or other positive pressure mode.

Accidental Release Measures

Personal Safety Measures:
Avoid contact with eye, skin and clothing. Wear appropriate respiratory protection. Use personal clothing. Ensure adequate ventilation.

Environmental Safety Measures:
Do not flush to sewers or any surrounding water bodies.

Clean Up:
Pump materials in case of large amounts. Use suitable absorbent material like sand, sawdust, etc. to clean up residua quantities.

Handling & Storage

Containers may be hazardous even when empty, as it may contain product residue. Observe all warnings and precautions when handling the product.

Store in a tightly closed containers in cool, dry and ventilated area.
Shelf life: 12 months
The product may turn yellow after an extended period of storage.

Exposure controls and Personal Protection

Personal Protective Equipment
Eyes Use chemical safety goggles and/or a full face shield where splashing is possible. Maintain eye wash fountain and quick drench facilities in work area.
Skin Wear impervious protective clothing, including boots, gloves, lab coats, apron or coveralls, as appropriate, to prevent skin contact.
Respirators Wear a NIOSH certified (or equivalent) particulate respirators. For conditions, where exposure to the substance is apparent and engineering controls are not feasible, consult an industrial hygienist. For emergencies, or instances, where the exposure levels are not known, use a full-face positive pressure, air supplied respirator.
Ventilation System A system of local and/or general exhaust is recommended to keep employee exposures below recommended Airborne Exposure Limits. Local exhaust ventilation is preferred as it can control the emissions of the contaminant as it source, preventing substance dispersion into the general work area.

Physical and Chemical properties

Physical State: Liquid

Colour: Colourless to slight yellow

Odour: Acidic

pH: 2-3.5

Max. Acidity, %: 0.3

Density at 20°C, g/cc: 1.26-1.27

Solubility in Water: Miscible

Stability and Reactivity

Stable under ordinary conditions of use and storage

Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide may form when heated to decomposition.

Hazardous Polymerization:
Peroxide formation not expected in the presence of inhibitors. Dry Glyoxal polymerizes quickly on standing, on contact with water (violent reaction), or solvents containing water.

Reacts weakly to acids. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong bases, silver, copper and iron salts. Corrosive to most metals except SS-3161 & SS-304L.

Conditions to Avoid:
Heat, flames, ignition sources and incompatibles.

Toxicological Information

Oral LD50/rat: 2,000-5,000 mg/kg Moderately toxic.
Inhalation LD50/rat: 2.44 mg/l/ 4h Inhalation-risk test (IRT): No mortality within 8 hours as shown in animal studies. The inhalation of a highly saturated vapor-air mixture represents no acute hazard.
Dermal LD50/ rat: >2,000 mg/kg
Eye Irritation Rabbit: Non-irritating (OECD Guideline 405)
Sensitization Guinea Pig Maximization test: Caused sensitization in animal studies.
Genetic Toxicity Considered to be mutagenic.

Ecological Information

Readily biodegradable

Accumulation in organisms is not to be expected.

Chemical oxygen demand (COD):
350 mg/g

Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD):
Incubation period 5.0 d: 175 mg/g

Disposal consideration

Waste Disposal Incineration while observing proper environmental measures.
Container Disposal Uncontaminated containers can be recycled.

Transport Information

Land Transport
ADR Not classified as a dangerous good under transport regulation.
RID Not classified as a dangerous good under transport regulation.
Sea Transport
IMDG Not classified as a dangerous good under transport regulation.
Inland Waterway Transport
ADNR Not classified as a dangerous good under transport regulation.
Air Transport
IATA/CAO Not classified as a dangerous good under transport regulation.

Other Information

NFPA Ratings:
Health: 1     Flammability: 0    Reactivity: 0

Label Hazard Warning:

Label Precautions:
Avoid breathing vapor.
Avoid contact with eyes, skin and clothing.
Keep container closed.
Use only with adequate ventilation.
Wash thoroughly after handling.

R-Phrase Symbols:
T: Toxic
20: Harmful by inhalation
36/38: irritating to eyes and skin
43: May cause sensitization by skin contact
68: Possible risk of irreversible effects
22: Harmful if swallowed
23/24/25: Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.
34: Causes burns
40: Limited evidence of carcinogenic effect.

Label First Aid:
In case of contact, immediately flush eyes or skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse. If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. If swallowed, induce vomiting immediately as directed by medical personnel. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. In all cases, get medical attention.

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